St George's posed a fundamental question in the restoration field. Are alterations as much a part of the history of a building as what was there at the start? St George's had been dramatically altered, largely by the Victorians who shifted the entire layout of the church by 90º.
Nicholas Hawksmoor (1661-1736) was a master of the English baroque style; a tempered version of the flamboyant, repetitious, and highly decorated European baroque. Hawksmoor, whose illustrious colleagues included John Vanbrugh, Thomas Archer, and James Gibbs, was made a Commissioner under Queen Anne's New Churches Act of 1711 that stipulated: "50 new churches [were to be…